Skip to main content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Race, Ethnicity, and Migration Studies: CC Archives

Overviews of the History of Colorado College

CC diversity timeline:

J. Juan Reid, Colorado College: The First Century (in Tutt Library; search inside in Google Books)

Robert D. Loevy, Colorado College: A Place of Learning (in Tutt Library; search inside in Google Books

Digitized CC Newspapers

Digitized CC Yearbooks

Oral history audio recordings and transcriptions

[Please note: the descriptions below are from the original interviews and contain outdated language.]

Dolores S. Atencio, CC class of 1977, graduated from Colorado College with a degree in Political Science. She attended the University of Denver College of Law, and was admitted to the Colorado Bar in October, 1981. A native of Pueblo, Colorado, Ms. Atencio discusses her strong Chicano heritage and her perspectives as a minority student at Colorado College. She actively participated in MECHA (Movimiento Estudiantil Chicano Aztlan), the Chicano student organization on the campus. In 1979, she, along with her former husband, Randy Serna (CC class of 1974) founded the Colorado College Chicano Alumni Association.

Mike Edmonds, Dean of Students at Colorado College 1991-2005, Vice President of Student Life / Dean of Students 2005-ongoing. He was interviewed for the LGBT Oral History project on December 12 2011.

Effie Evelyn Stroud Frazier, CC class of 1931, interviewed 1980. Effie Stroud Frazier, (CC class of 1931) was one of the first African-American women to attend Colorado College and one of seven members of the well-known Stroud family to attend Colorado College. She was the first recipient of the Sachs scholarship. In her interview, Effie Frazier discusses race relations in Colorado Springs during the Depression and her experiences as a minority student at Colorado College.

Raymond Dean Jones, CC class of 1967, interviewed 1980. Raymond D. Jones (CC class of 1967) was born in Pueblo, Colorado on November 30, 1945. While at Colorado College, Jones was the first African-American president of the Beta Theta Pi fraternity. After graduating from Colorado College, he received his law degree from Harvard University in 1971. At the time of this interview he was a judge in the Denver District Court, appointed by Governor Richard Lamm. Jones's interview focuses on campus life in the 1960s, attitudes about civil rights in Colorado Springs, and experiences from the perspective of a minority student.

Useful online resources outside of the CC Archives

Untold Stories  
Stories of marginalized persons who make up our Colorado College community and our history."  Formerly known as People's History at Colorado College. This project has had several homes, including the History Department, the Butler Center, and (currently) Communications.

CC demographics, 2011-ongoing 
From the Office of Institutional Planning and Effectiveness (IPE). For earlier demographic data, see the "Students - Demographics" file in Special Collections, containing information gathered from the Office of Minority Student Life resource directories (1992-2002), the college's Statistical Profile (1996-2001), and the Common Data Set (2001-2011). Prior to 1992, the college did not collect demographic data.

Colorado Springs Black History materials at CC Special Collections 
From CC Special Collections. Digitized Black newspapers, a map showing 19th century Black residences, and more.

Pikes Peak Newsfinder 
From the Pikes Peak Library District. Free online index to the Colorado Springs Gazette. Many articles are available immediately as full-text; others you will have to request and wait a few days.

How to Cite Archival Sources

When you cite archival sources (diaries, letters, memos, unpublished manuscripts, etc.), you should include these elements:

  • description of the item, including, when known, author and date
  • collection name and call number (when applicable)
  • name of the institution holding the item
  • URL if a transcription or digital version of the item is available online

Different style guides require you to present these elements in different ways, and some style guides don't discuss archival sources at all. For more information, see Purdue University’s When in doubt, speak to your professor.

Examples in Modern Language Association (MLA) style

Note: if you are citing the CC yearbook or a student newspaper, cite just as you would for any book or periodical.

Citations should follow this formula:
Last name of author, first name of author. Title or identifying information for item. Date. Collection name and call number. Name of institution holding item. [URL if one exists]

Item in an information file:
Memorandum from the President's Office to the Minority Education Committee. 2 February 1982. Information File "Students - Organizations - Native American Student Association." Colorado College Special Collections.

Item in an Archives box:
Fitzgibbon, Millicent. “Students Protest Campus Changes,” clipping from unknown newspaper. Undated (ca. 1920?). Archives Box 47, Folder labeled “Miscellaneous.” Colorado College Special Collections.

Item in a manuscript collection:
Albright, Guy Harry. Letter to Paul Peck. 23 October 1917. Albright Papers, Ms 0389, Box 1, Folder 3. Colorado College Special Collections. Transcription:

Information Files on Race and Racism Available in Special Collections NOT AVAILABLE DURING PANDEMIC


  • Colorado College – Racism
  • Colorado College – Scandals and Embarrassing Incidents (hate crimes, Slocum Affair, free speech)
  • Diversity (Diversity Council, Diversity Task Force, Affirmative Action, Equal Opportunity Employer, student/faculty recruitment, Minority Concerns Committee)
  • Diversity – Butler Center (est. 2014)
  • Diversity and Equity Advisory Board (DEAB) (est. 2015)
  • Students – African-American
  • Students – Asian American
  • Students – Demographics 
  • Students – Gay, Lesbian, and Transgender (LGBTQ, EQUAL Empowered Queers United for Absolute Liberation, QSA Queer Straight Alliance, Bathroom Swap)
  • Students – Japanese (1890s)
  • Students - Jewish
  • Students - Latinx (Latina, Latino, Hispanic, Chicana, Chicano)
  • Students – Native American
  • Students – Organizations – Asian American Student Union (AASU)
  • Students - Organizations - Black Student Union
  • Students – Organizations – Korean American Student Association (KASA)
  • Students – Organizations – Minority Association of Pre-Health Students (MAPS)
  • Students – Organizations – Multicultural Organization of Students and the International Community (MOSAIC)
  • Students – Organizations – Native American Student Association (NASA) (changed to Native American Student Union, NASU)
  • Students – Organizations – SOMOS (MEChA)

Full list of all subjects:

Archive Boxes on Race and Racism Available in Special Collections NOT AVAILABLE DURING PANDEMIC


  • Box 456 Students - Latino/a 1971-1999 Latina, Latino, Chicano, Hispanic students; MEChA (Movimento Estudiatil Chican de Aztlan), publications La Chispa, Mirasol
  • Box 571 Students - African-American 1900-2015 Black Literary Magazine publication; Black Student Union; Black Awareness Week; clippings; correspondence
  • Box 574 Curriculum - Summer School - TRIBES 1983-2002 David Friend correspondence; Council of Energy Resource Tribes (CERT) Summer Institute; Energy and Resource Management Simulation; Tribal Proposal; Tiger Tribe; Tiger Labor Organization; Native American students; Indian Education; Hughes Bridge Program
  • Box 684 Diversity 1874-2010 arranged by date: Minority Concerns Committee; newsletters; Office of Minority Student Life; Gormon; publication Fight the Power; ACM Minority Task Force, Minority Scholars; national programs (CEEB, Ford)

Full list of all archives boxes:

Special Collections

(We are happy to assist with remote research.)



Jessy Randall's picture
Jessy Randall
Special Collections, Tutt Library (Garden Level)
Open weekdays 9-12 and 1-5