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ED 211: Framework for U.S. Education: Home

Primary Sources for ED 211 assignment

Primary Sources - What Are They?

"Primary sources provide first-hand testimony or direct evidence concerning a topic under investigation. They are created by witnesses or recorders who experienced the events or conditions being documented. Often these sources are created at the time when the events or conditions are occurring, but primary sources can also include autobiographies, memoirs, and oral histories recorded later." -- Primary Sources at Yale University,

Examples of primary sources - contemporary means published, written or otherwise produced at or close to the time being studied:

  • Speeches
  • Legislation
  • Contemporary newspaper articles
  • Diaries, journals, & letters
  • Contemporary photographs & artwork
  • Contemporary statistics
  • Oral histories & interviews
  • Contemporary maps

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