Tutt Library Research Guides
...According to Essence Magazine.
The Fair Use clause of Copyright law allows you to use any photos or images you find as long as they are for educational purposes only and not for commercial gain. However, with any website or database, it's a good idea to look for a Creative Commons license checkbox so that you are sure you are welcome to use images you find.
Because images you find on databases or the Internet are the intellectual property of other individuals, you must cite your sources when you use images in your scholarly works, whether it be in a paper, a presentation, or art work you create.
Check whichever style guide you are using for proper citation format.
The citation should be accessible in the context of the image's use (within a Powerpoint presentation, on a web page, in a paper, etc.).
Image citations should include the following information:
Sometimes not all of these pieces can be found, so you may only cite what you know, but you must make a good faith effort.
Legendary artist, Faith Ringgold tells the story behind "For The Women's House" on display at the Neuberger Museum of Art in Westchester, New York. (Filmed by Michele Wallace, Faith Ringgold's daughter.)
Harvard Professor Henry Louis Gates, Jr., describes The Image of the Black in Western Art, a project begun in the 1960s. Harvard University's W.E.B. Du Bois Institute for African and African American Research and Harvard University Press have collaborated to publish new editions of the ten-book series. More information on the project is at http://www.imageoftheblack.com/
African American Images from the Library of Congress. See more on Flickr Commons from institutions like the US National Archives, George Eastman House, the Smithsonian and more.
African American Soldiers in the Civil War. The American Civil War was one of the first conflicts captured by photographers. In celebration of Black History Month, TIME looks at images of African-American soldiers and their families who played myriad roles in the country's bloodiest conflict. Courtesy of Time Magazine, February 7, 2012.
African American Photographs Assembled for 1900 Paris Exposition. The Paris Exposition of 1900 included a display devoted to the history and "present conditions" of African Americans. W.E.B. Du Bois and special agent Thomas J. Calloway spearheaded the planning, collection and installation of the exhibit materials, which included 500 photographs. The Library of Congress holds approximately 220 mounted photographs reportedly displayed in the exhibition (LOTs11293-11308), as well as material specially compiled by Du Bois: four photograph albums showing "Types" and "Negro Life" (LOT 11930); three albums entitled "The Black Code of Georgia, U.S.A.," offering transcriptions of Georgia state laws relating to blacks, 1732-1899 (LOT 11932); and 72 drawings charting the condition of African Americans at the turn of the century (LOT 11931). The materials cataloged online include all of the photos in LOT 11930, and any materials in the other groups for which copy negatives have been made.
The Atlantic Slave Trade and Slave Life in the Americas : A Visual Record. Jerome S. Handler and Michael L. Tuite Jr. The approximately 1,235 images in this collection have been selected from a wide range of sources, most of them dating from the period of slavery. This collection is envisioned as a tool and a resource that can be used by teachers, researchers, students, and the general public - in brief, anyone interested in the experiences of Africans who were enslaved and transported to the Americas and the lives of their descendants in the slave societies of the New World. Provided by the Virginia Foundation for the Humanities and University of Virginia.
Beyond Face Value : Depictions of Slavery in Confederate Currency. A project of the Civil War Center. Many Southern notes did not feature images of slavery; this exhibit focuses on the ones that did. This collection features notes issued and circulated in the South during the Antebellum, Civil War, and Reconstruction Eras. Notes were issued by various entities, including the Confederate government, state governments, merchants, and railroad companies. Provides jointly by the Louisiana State University Libraries and the Louisiana Endowment for the Humanities. Also posted under Web Sites.
Birmingham News (Alabama) Unseen / Unforgotten Photo Collection. Images of the Civil Rights Movement in Birmingham. Also posted under Web Sites.
Blacks Studies Center : Schomberg Studies on the Black Experience. Click on the images choice for a selection of short images sorted into the following categories :
Celebrating Black History : 50 Cultural Giants. A photograph collection courtesy of Time magazine.
Civil Rights Era in the U.S. News and World Report Photographs Collection. Selected images from the Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Reading Room. Also listed under Web Sites.
Civil Rights Movement Veterans Photo Gallery. Photographs taken and collected by the Southern Freedom Movement during the Civil Rights struggle.
Ernest C. Withers Civil Rights Collection from the Panopticon Gallery.
Gordon Parks Alternative Civil Rights Photos : shared by Maurice Berger in an article entitled A Radically Prosaic Approach to Civil Rights Images, New York Times, July 16, 2012
Historic Images of African-Americans During the Great Depression. Photographs from the Farm Security Administration which collected and kept a record of American life between 1935-1944. Courtesy of Time Magazine, February 16, 2012.
A House Divided: America in the Age of Lincoln. This digital history project looks at the decades leading up the American Civil War, with slavery as central to the culture and politics of the time. The site includes many images, and narration, in collaboration of historians, contextualizes them. Also see Overview of Slavery which contains an image gallery.
Images of African-American Slavery and Freedom. The Library of Congress responded to repeated requests from patrons by putting together a collection of images. The images show various aspects of the slave trade, including depictions of villages in Africa, of ships used in the Middle Passage, and signs advertising slave auctions.
Images of African Americans from the Nineteenth Century. Courtesy of the Digital Schomberg, 1999.
March on Washington, August 1963 : Power to the People. Photos courtesyof Life Magazine.
Photographs of African Americans During the Civil War: A List of Images in the Civil War Photograph Collection
Portrait of Black Chicago. From June through October 1973 and briefly during the spring of 1974, John H. White, a 28-year-old photographer with the Chicago Daily News, worked for the federal government photographing Chicago, especially the city`s African American community. White took his photographs for the Environmental Protection Agency`s (EPA) DOCUMERICA project. As White reflected recently, he saw his assignment as "an opportunity to capture a slice of life, to capture history." His photographs portray the difficult circumstances faced by many of Chicago`s African American residents in the early 1970s, but they also catch the "spirit, love, zeal, pride, and hopes of the community."
Powerful Days : The Civil Rights Photography of Charles Moore. This website was produced by Ohio University Knight Fellow John Kaplan as partial fulfillment of the requirements for a Masters of Science Degree in Journalism.
Powerful Days in Black and White. Shocking photos brought the Civil Rights Struggle to all Americans. Relive it now through the eys of photojournalist Charles Moore. There are common names associated with the civil rights movement, like Rosa Parks and Martin Luther King Jr. And there are lesser-known names like Charles Moore. His photos, which often appeared in Life magazine in the 1960s, are the ones that put faces to a movement for most Americans. NPR did an All Things Considered episode on him on the occasion of his death on May 16, 2010.
Selma to Montgomery : A March for the Right to Vote. A visual history by Spider Martin.
Vintage Black Beauty & History!! A collection by Angela Williams via Pinterest.
Walter Gordon Collection of Photographs. In the first half of the 20th century, the well-known African American attorney Walter L. Gordon had his office next to the African American newspaper, the California Eagle. The photographers for the paper often shot pictures of Black social life in Los Angeles, and once printed these photos were often discarded. Gordon saved many of these photos and began collecting the images, which often depicted leading members of the Black community in Los Angeles. His collection made its way to UCLA, and their digital collections group digitized over 800 of his photographs. Here visitors will find images of black resorts such as Val Verde, local political figures, and a range of jazz legends, such as Count Basie and Billie Holliday. Currently, visitors can view almost 300 of these items, and they can browse the photos by language, name, subject, or type. There are some real gems in here, including a great photo of Lionel Hampton on the stage and a cast photo of the members of "Carmen Jones" at an informal gathering. The image viewer here is quite impressive, as visitors can add a grid of select photos for comparative viewing and also manipulate each image as they see fit.
Four African American women seated on steps of building at Atlanta University, Georgia
Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA
These collections contain many related images, but require using search strategies.
AP Images : Over one million photographs provided by the Associated Press. Photos range from up-to-the-minute to historical.
ArtStor : Coverage: Prehistory - current Hundreds of thousands of digital images with descriptive information covering painting, sculpture, photography, decorative arts, architecture, and design, as well as many other forms of worldwide visual culture. Save groups of images for later use in ARTstor, or download or print to use in class projects, presentations, and papers. First-time users must register for an account from a computer on campus.
Google Advanced Image Search : Note that, in addition to specific types of images you can also filter your search to a specific region, file type, image size, copyright/usage rights, etc.
Life Photo Archive Hosted by Google : Search millions of photographs from the LIFE photo archive, stretching from the 1750s to today. Most were never published and are now available for the first time through the joint work of LIFE and Google. Heh, it may not be from a newspaper but it compliments the AP Images collection.
Library of Congress Newspaper Images via Flicker : In 2008, the Library of Congress began offering historical photograph collections through Flickr in order to share some of our most popular images with a new visual community. Now, the Library of Congress has expanded its Flickr collections to include illustrated and visual content from historic American newspapers available in its online collections.
Picture History : An on-line archive of images and film footage illuminating more than 200 years of American history. Click on People and Professions, and then choose African Americans.
Artcyclopedia : A free website that links to images hosted by art museums and galleries around the world.