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HY200 Student Activism in the Civil Rights Movement: Civil Rights and Activism in the U.S.

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Related Topics

  • Black Panthers:
    U.S. African-American militant party, founded (1966) in Oakland, Calif., by Huey P. Newton and Bobby Seale. MORE
  • Black Power:
    Movement towards black separatism in the USA during the 1960s, embodied in the Black Panther Party founded in 1966 by Huey Newton and Bobby Seale. MORE
  • Brown v. Board of Education:
    Case decided by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1954. MORE
  • Civil Rights Movement:
    US movement especially active during the 1950s and 60s that aimed to end segregation and discrimination against blacks, as well as affirm their constitutional rights and improve their status in society. MORE
  • Civil Rights:
    The rights guaranteed by the state to its citizens. MORE
  • Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution:
    Addition to the U.S. Constitution, adopted 1868. The amendment comprises five sections. MORE
  • Jim Crow Laws:
    In U.S. history, statutes enacted by Southern states and municipalities, beginning in the 1880s, that legalized segregation between blacks and whites. MORE
  • Ku Klux Klan:
    Designation mainly given to two distinct secret societies that played a part in American history, although other less important groups have also used the name. MORE
  • Lynching:
    Unlawfully hanging or otherwise killing a person by mob action. MORE
  • NAACP:
    Organization composed mainly of American blacks, but with many white members, whose goal is the end of racial discrimination and segregation. MORE
  • Racial Discrimination:
    Racial discrimination or racism involves treating people differently, often unfavourably, because of their nationality, their skin colour, or their religious belief. MORE


  • Martin Delany (1812-1885):
    One of the first African Americans to enter Harvard Medical School, Delany is better known for his writing, for which he is often called the “father of black nationalism.” MORE
  • W. E. B. Du Bois (1868-1963):
    US educator and social critic. Du Bois was one of the early leaders of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) and the editor of its journal Crisis 1909-32. MORE
  • Marcus Garvey (1887-1940):
    Jamaican Black nationalist leader, active in the U.S. He founded (1914) the Universal Negro Improvement Association and led the Back-to-Africa movement: gaoled for fraud (1925-27). MORE
  • Jesse Jackson (1941-):
    Civil rights activist, Baptist minister, and presidential candidate, born in Greenville, South Carolina, USA. MORE

  • Martin Luther King Jr. (1929-1968):
    US Baptist minister and civil rights leader. MORE
  • Rosa Parks(1913-2005):
    US civil-rights activist. MORE
  • Bayard Rustin (1910-1987):
    Institute head and civil-rights activist, born in West Chester, Pennsylvania, USA. MORE
  • Al Sharpton (1954 - ):
    From Culture Wars: An Encyclopedia of Issues, Viewpoints, and Voices
    An outspoken African-American Baptist minister and political activist, the Reverend Al Sharpton emerged as a national figure during the 1980s and 1990s for orchestrating militant street protests in New York City in response to hate crimes, police brutality, and other perceived social injustices. MORE
  • Booker T. Washington (1856-1915):
    American educator. Born into slavery, he acquired an education after emancipation and became the principal of Tuskegee Institute, which flourished under his tutelage (1881-1915). MORE
  • Cornel West (1953- ):
    Some say that West is the first leading African-American intellectual to rise to prominence since W. E. B. Du Bois in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Others assert that West says a lot without saying anything. MORE
  • Malcolm X (1925-1965):
    Original name Malcolm Little. 1925-65, U.S. Black civil-rights leader: assassinated. MORE


  • JFK Civil Rights Address - From American Rhetoric website.  Audio Speech with Transcript.
  • Civil Rights Movement Veterans - created by Veterans of the Southern Freedom Movement (1951-1968)
  • Greensboro Sit-ins - A resource from The International Civil Rights Center & Museum
  • Integrating Ole Miss - A resource from the John F Kennedy Presidental Library
  • We Shall Overcome - A partnership project produced by the U.S. Department of Interior, National Park Service, U.S. Department of Transportation, The Federal Highway Administration, and the National Conference of State Historic Preservation Officers

Civil Rights Online Collections

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