Skip to main content
Tutt Library Research Guides
Select Print Sources
Early American Imprints
- Full text of books and pamphlets printed in North America
Series I, Evans (1639-1800)
Series II, Shaw-Shoemaker (1801-1819)
Early Encounters in North America: Peoples, Cultures, and the Environment,
1474 - 1800's.
- full text works by 1,400+ authors in the form of letters, diaries, memoirs and accounts
- encounters between American Indians, Europeans, Americans, and Africans
- all areas of North America.
- advanced searching and browsing of people, events, flora, fauna and more
Handbook of Latin American Studies
, 1935 - current
- annotated bibliography of scholarly works on Latin American studies.
- Multidisciplinary topics in the humanities and social sciences.
Foreign Relations Between Latin America and the Caribbean States, 1930-1944
- Department of State Bulletin (1939-1989) and Dispatch (1990-1999)
- See TIGER for print and electronic options.
- Foreign Relations of the United States
- Docs South Basement S1.1: [year]; also partially online
- Declassified US State Dept. documents covering 1861 to thirty years ago. Wonderful source for diplomatic exchanges, statements, speeches, etc.
Organized by country, political, social, and economic issues; includes cables, memoranda, correspondence, reports and analyzes, and treaties. Documents are from the U.S. State Department.
- Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States
- Online from 1991; Docs South Basement AE 2.114: (1929-present)
- Presidential addresses, communications, interviews, proclamations and nominations, and meetings wtih foreign dignitaries.
- For documents of other countries, translated into English, search by subject keywords "[country] foreign relations sources" and limit language to English.
- Some examples of titles:
- Cold War: Primary Sources--in Perkins Reference
- Documents of German History--annotated excerpts from official and autobiographical documents
- Documents of Soviet-American Relations--4 volumes covering 1917-1945
- Soviet Foreign Relations: documents and readings--includes propaganda
Debating the Origins of the Cold War: American and Russian perspectives
- Comrade Kryuchkov's Instructions: top secret files on KGB foreign operations, 1975-1985
- War and Diplomacy: the making of the Grand Alliance; documents from Stalin's archives--includes telegrams and drafts of treaties
- Additional Goverment Publications
- Coverage: 1843-2006. HISTORICAL ARCHIVE 1843-2006. Digitized version of the famous magazine which has analyzed British and global affairs for 150+ years. Recent issues use print or access through EBSCO.
19th Century U.S. Newspapers
- Provides access to approximately 1.7 million pages of primary source newspaper content from the 19th century, featuring full-text content and images from numerous newspapers from a range of urban and rural regions throughout the U.S. Coverage: 1800's
What is a primary source?
describes material that is closest to the person, information, period, or idea being studied that was created in the time under study
- an artifact, a document, a recording
- new scientific data, results, and theories
- official reports, speeches, pamphlets, posters, or letters by participants, and official election returns
- records created by organizations, such as registers of births, tax records, charters, other legal documents, etc.
- eyewitness accounts, oral interviews or documents created by a person with direct knowledge of a situation
- diaries, films, biographies, leading philosophical works, scientific works
- fictional sources such as novels or plays
- physical objects like photographs, newsreels, coins, paintings or buildings
- cite, comment on, or build upon primary sources
Note: a primary source may at times be treated like a secondary source
Questions to ask
- What is the tone?
- Who is the intended audience?
- What is the purpose of the material?
- What assumptions does the author make?
- What are the authors bases (including conclusions)?
- Does the author agree or disagree with other authors of the subject?
- Does the content agree with what you know or have learned about the subject?
- Where was the source made? Does it favor particular outcome?
- What is the bias?
Tutt Library, Colorado College Research Help Desk: 719-389-6662, Texting: 719-387-5441, E-mail: tuttref@ColoradoCollege.edu