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Tutt Library Research Guides


Race, Ethnicity, and Migration Studies: Search Tips

Leverage Footnotes and Bibliographies

Footnotes and bibliographies are a quick way to find related materials and track the names of popular authors.

Browse the Shelves

Books on the same topic often have similar call numbers. 

Many books on Race and Ethnic Studies begin with the Call number GN495.

GN495.4 - GN496

Societal groups, ethnocentrism, diplomacy, warfare, etc.
GN502 - GN517 Psychological anthropology
GN537 - GN550 Ethnic groups and races
GN550 - GN674 Ethnic groups and races by country

For a complete list of call numbers by subject area, check out the Library of Congress Classification Outline

Create A Keyword List

The right keywords help to effectively search catalogs, databases, and the Internet.

  • Start by compiling a list of keywords that represent each concept of your topic.
  • Try the Search Generator from Northwest Missouri State University to help you create a keyword search.
    • Use more specific terms when searching databases versus catalogs.
    • Look for additional terms in your search results. Add these to your list.
    • Search Google Books for keywords in the title, table of contents, subject headings, and text of books.

      You may need to do multiple searches in each database to research your topic. However, with patient and persistence, you'll find relevant material.

      Keyword Searching

      Use the Search Generator from Northwest Missouri State University to help you create a keyword search. 

                              Using AND/OR/NOT (Boolean Search Operators)


      Use AND to focus search and combine different aspects of your topic.

      Example: vegetarianism and environment

      Use OR to expand your search and find synonyms/related terms.

      Example: global warming or climate change


      Use NOT to exclude a word or phrase from your search

      Example: emissions trading not United States


      Additional Search Tips

      "Phrase search"  - Use quotation marks (" ") to search for a particular phrase.

      Example: "greenhouse gas emissions"

      Truncation * - Use an asterisk to find variations of a word. Put an asterisk following the root of the word to find all variations of that word, including singular and plural.

      Example: environment* (finds environments, environmental, environmentalist, etc.)

      (Grouping/Nesting Keywords) - Use parentheses ( ) as a way to group all your search terms together.

      Example: (climate change or global warming) and population growth

      Humanities Librarian

      Kayla Lenkner's picture
      Kayla Lenkner
      (719) 389-6242
      Tutt Library, Colorado College      Research Help Desk: 719-389-6662, Texting: 719-387-5441, E-mail: